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SEO Copywriters and the SEO Gold Rush

Selling SEO for over 11 years somehow gives me an air of arrogance each time I talk about my personal experiences. Beginners and startup business owners may find my way of speaking arrogant, but those who helped me along the way call it confidence. Sometimes, the price of being successful is getting unsolicited negative comments from anonymous people, as if giving advice to amateurs is a crime.

Being in this business for almost a decade, I do not bother with SEO agencies who repeatedly call me to ask questions about my company or promote their SEO services, even though they’re calling just to dig into my business’ internal methods. I do not bother with these companies because I’ve been there, too. When I was starting out, getting my first client was my very first problem. I had no clients even on my second month of business. Friends who had stores and online businesses never paid attention to my services. They called my services “a waste of time” and advised me to switch to a more feasible business, such as a restaurant or a clothing line.

The problem was that I started the business out of excitement, without thoroughly studying the feasibility of starting an SEO business. Yet, to my surprise, I learned the art of pretending and spying, things I learned from the countless calls I received in my office back when I had no clients.

On spying and pretending

Spying may have a negative connotation, but I think it’s a legitimate way of knowing your market. It’s not hard as you think. All you need is a telephone and your target SEO agency’s number. All you have to do is ask about the company’s products and services. Through this, you can compare your company’s methods to theirs, giving you ideas for improvement. What you need to have here is a little talent in convincing and some social skills. Moreover, meet-ups or personal interviews with SEO firms are also good ways of doing some spying.

Everyone’s on the Web today, but personally finding out what other companies offer is still much better than doing your spying online. Details on the Web are always limited, but, if you’re lucky, you may find helpful details on these companies’ blogs.

Because spying became a tradition in every market competition, executives are now extra careful with dealing with their prospective clients. Some of them are trained to provide little information without giving the client a notion of alarm or blatantly hiding company strategies.

Spying does not end with SEO firms. You can also contact business owners who are current clients of SEO companies. As you sell your service to them, you can ask them about the conditions of their business’ SEO campaigns. You can ask about how much they’re paying their SEO providers. Through this, you gain an understanding of how the current SEO market works.

Never start an SEO company, or even offer SEO services as an individual, without doing your homework on the business. If you lack the money to invest in feasibility studies or research, you can always count on email, the Web, and telephone calls to lead your way.

It’s no secret that SEO Resellers are everywhere on the Web, and it’s also no secret seo to local business owners that they deal with resellers, not SEO providers. This isn’t an issue for some business owners. All they’re after are the services of a professional who can lead their business to success.

Unfortunately, other business owners don’t think this way. Some business owners consider SEO resellers as mere messengers of lazy CEOs who choose to spend most of their days lounging in their private offices. With blogs spreading this kind of information on the Web, many site owners and business owners got the notion that resellers are just pretending to be SEO providers, with the help of White Label SEO.

Blame it on the blogs and articles on the Web. Because these frequently reveal how the SEO reseller industry works, many site owners are becoming more aware of the system, making them wary of SEO. The reselling market is still alive and kicking, but reseller exposés on blogs make it difficult for newbie resellers to find clients. This is why many resellers quit even before they succeed.

The truth is that reality is slowly killing the SEO reselling trick. To put it more simply, resellers have no choice but to speak the truth to their clients. Individual resellers and reselling companies these days introduce themselves as resellers, bridges to professional service providers. They no longer work in the shadows of SEO providers and they work as free intermediaries. In the long run this change will be beneficial to the entire SEO industry. There has and still are, as of this writing, far too many incompetent and plain dishonest people passing themselves off

As of today, many business owners still put no trust in SEO Resellers. And what can a mediocre reseller do in this case? Perhaps, the only thing a reseller can do is accept the truth that people are getting wiser nowadays because of the Internet, move on, and just be truthful with their work. Nothing beats honesty. Although sales talk is still necessary in closing a deal, resellers have to present valid facts that can ease their prospective clients’ negative thoughts about reselling and make them believe how reliable and feasible Search Engine Optimization can be for any business. Strengthen the validity of SEO through your provider’s portfolio. If you have that guts to explain your position as middleman in your SEO campaign, and if you have the eloquence to explain what Private Label SEO  is, do it.

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When Stress Causes You to Want to Return to Your Gambling Addiction – 5 Helpful Tips

Knowing what countries have legal online gambling is very beneficial information to individuals who choose to use gambling online as a means of earning cash. Seeing that the cost of living has increased and everyone is looking for a way to earn extra cash they may turn to online gambling as it can be done at anytime once you have access to a computer and the internet, it can be done confidentially and in the comfort of your home. Since we are in the age of technology, knowing what states have legal online gambling is simply a click away. So before actually logging on to the websites which provide online gambling you should conduct a search on your country or state to ensure that it is legal.

Information on what states have legal online gambling can be provided to you by the gambling association for your country or state. Now seeing that technology has improved over the years, this information is only a click away and if you are not able to access it via the internet, you can get their phone number at least online and shoot them an email or give them a call to access this information. This information is very vital to an individual, because it would allow them to know their rights, as well as the laws and legislation relating to online gambling in their country or state.

While conducting my search to find what states have legal online gambling I discovered that each state has their own specific laws and legislation. More than this however, each state is always changing and updating their legislature so a list of states where it is legal to gamble online may quickly become outdated. So therefore if an individual decides they’d like to try a hand at online gambling, then they need to be mindful that when sourcing information on whether it is legal to gamble online in their state or country they need to be aware of the most recent rulings on gambling.

An additional advantage for visiting or phoning your gaming association would be that it allows you to acquire a better understand of the laws and legislation as some of them may be a bit complicated and you might misinterpret what it actually says. In closing, keep in mind that you should find out if online gambling is legal in your country or state before you actually enter the gaming industry, so good luck. 918kiss

Why can some people occasionally buy a lottery ticket or play a slot machine and suffer no ill effects beyond losing a few dollars, while others become so gambling obsessed that they risk their savings, their jobs, and their relationships with loved ones? One answer may lie in our genes. There are genetic factors that increase the probability of developing gambling problems. This addictive disorder can lead to life altering circumstances. A Gambler’s boundaries seem to be limitless and suggest a vulnerability that can, within the blink of an eye, dramatically shape the rest of their lives.

Gambling is a problem in many places and is usually found in casinos, or among its illegal form of betting on sports. The truth remains that not only adults gamble, but kids and teens do it as well, even though it’s not as obvious.

Gambling can cause you to go broke and can make you start stealing money. It can also lead to doing things like skipping school and wasting precious time and money. At times gambling can just lead to more gambling- such as chasing. “Chasing is when you gamble to try and win back money.”. It is done a lot in poker and especially when betting on sports.

When a gambler is down a large sum of money their mentality switches from greed to utter desperation.

No one likes to lose money especially hard earned working dollars. Although the rationalization of a gambler is that desperate times call for desperate measures. Therefore any means of money is good fortune. Regardless if its college tuition being gambled or petty cash. The end result is to satisfy oneself with incomparable urges of winning and losing money all within a period of time.

Gambling is considered pathological when it seriously disrupts the gambler’s life. The problem is thought to affect somewhere between 1.5% to 11% of the adult population. And the rate of suicide attempts among problem gamblers is very high, with as many as 24% of the gamblers who seek treatment reporting such attempts. Much more is known about the causes of alcoholism then of gambling problems. Still, research shows that 19% to 50% of people who are treated for problem gambling also have a history of alcohol abuse or dependence. This suggests there may be a common vulnerability underlying a problem with gambling and other addictive disorders such as alcoholism.

The brain contains clusters of nerves containing serotonin, which extend throughout the nervous system. Changes in the levels of serotonin have been linked to a number of disorders, including depression, schizophrenia, and Parkinson’s disease. Recent research shows that deficiencies in the genes that control the serotonin system could make a person susceptible to a gambling problem. Other factors, such as family history and environment will also play a role.

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Stash of the Titans Video Slot Game

With there being so many different games being offered in online casinos, it has become necessary to be sure that you are able to properly understand the different options that are out there. Once you know the right one that you should opt for, it becomes much more sensible to pursue this particular option. One of the most sought after options currently would probably be the free casino slots option. This is perhaps one of the most sensible options to go in for simply because it won’t cost you any money! However, if you still are looking for more reasons to join this, you might perhaps want to continue reading.

For starters, you will be happy to know that with free casino slots, you will be able to easily experience the feeling of being in an online casino without actually going there. In many ways, this is an important advantage to have and consider, since you would perhaps stand to gain quite a bit by going in for this particular option. There is also the fact that you will be able to easily check out different parts of the online casinos and not just the free slots once you register to play this particular game.

Additionally, the convenience factor with PG Slot  free casino slots is worth mentioning about. It is so easy to access to that you can play the game when you take a break at work! Hence, you don’t really have to keep aside a certain amount of time in case you are interested in going in for it. Needless to say, this is a really big advantage that you are sure to enjoy and would even want to think more about. Hence, in this manner, you will be able to enjoy the online casinos and not have to set aside a lot of time in order to do so.

Finally, with free casino slots, you will be able to get relief from a stressful day and be able to take a break even at your home. Thanks to being so accessible pretty much anyone and everyone will enjoy this option and perhaps look forward to it. This is definitely something that you would want to take advantage of since there isn’t really a reason why you wouldn’t want to try it. Whether or not you have tried going to a real casino, you can be rest assured that you are going to like this option.

Today, there are a lot of different websites that promise to provide users with Free Slots. While this might seem like a good thing, you ought to look closer and see what you really are getting. Once you are able to understand the different options that you might be able to perhaps zero in on the right website that truly provides you with Free Slots. However, for those that are not able to find this out without looking everywhere, here are some tips that you could make use of. Based on this, you might be able to decide on what it is that you would probably want to be looking out for.

User reviews

One of the things about the Free Slots that makes it quite easy to spot the good from the bad would probably be by checking out the different user reviews that are out there. Reading user reviews will provide you with insight that you would normally not have obtained if you would have tried to find this information out on your own. Hence, it makes a lot of sense to perhaps spend some time and properly understand the different game modes offered by the website and what really is considered to be free.

Reading the terms and conditions

For those of you that are really patient, you can determine whether the website is offering Free Slots by simply going through the terms and conditions and reading more about what the website has to offer. With this information, it is entirely possible that you will be able to accurately determine whether or not you truly are signing up something that is free or if you are paying for hidden charges that are buried deep inside somewhere. Just skimming over these documents might also be sufficient.

Avoid sharing information

If the website that claims to provide you with Free Slots is asking you for your credit card information, consider that to be a red flag. Always be safe, and verify that the website is truly what it claims to be, before sharing any of your credit information with the website. Hence, this is something that you might perhaps want to factor in and keep in mind if you want to be assured that you are not going to regret sharing your credit card information. In many ways, this can be considered as something important that you would want to check out before going to the next step.

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Profit Big on Auto Parts

There are many different ways one can make profits from the comfort of their home, but today we are going to share a different way. We say different because the online auto parts trade is still in its infancy stage and not many people are familiar with the opportunity.

Look around you when you are on the road. There are millions of cars, buses, motorcycles, boats and not to mention sports vehicles. They all require or will require some maintenance or parts down the road. It is just a matter of time. In fact according to the U.S. Department of Transportation Statistical Records there were 241 million registered vehicles in 2007 in U.S. alone, and this does not include the vehicles in stores, salvage yards, auto auctions, and countless other places. Now, multiply this many vehicles by the number of parts an average vehicle has, and you get into trillions.

Before the internet age the auto parts industry had been primarily occupied by the big conglomerates such as NAPA, Checker and a few others but thanks to the internet this is changing. Today anyone who has an access to the internet has the opportunity to unlimited potential, and better yet create it from the comfort of their home. According to eBay motors 4.5 billion dollars worth of automotive related items are sold annually making it the most profitable sectors on eBay. The majority of sellers are ordinary people who buy and sell for a profit.

There are two different ways of profiting in this business. One is to open a brick-and-mortar place. The second way is to do it online. In this chapter we are going to skip the brick-and-mortar method as it takes tremendous capital investment, time and effort, and we will devote our energy to online strategy. The great part about running any online business is it allows you to be flexible, it operates 24-7, and gives you an access to global marketplace.

1. To generalize auto parts business involves buying some auto parts from various places, and selling it for a profit. The auto parts can be anything from small clips to big engines. We suggest that you sell the parts that are fairly easy to handle, not bulky or too fragile. For example window shields are big, fragile and difficult to ship. Very heavy parts are also difficult to work with. With this being said there are many online stores that specialize in handling these big, bulky and fragile auto parts and they do extremely well. It is a matter of your preference and choosing the parts you want to work with.

2. It is always better to play it safe before you dig in. So, we strongly suggest that you be patient and run a small test before asking a manufacturer for 100 headlights. If you happen to have some spare genuinely used auto parts or you know someone that might have some you can try listing them on the web. It doesn’t cost you anything and you will be rest assured that you are not wasting your money. To list your parts we suggest that you choose a website that specializes in the industry, allows you to pay on per-sold basis, and offers automatic re-istings. Junkyards near me

3. If you want to go straight to the big game and skip the test mode then you will need to equip yourself with some inventory for cheap. The best way to obtain such inventory is from international supplier. The reason is the price. You can buy 100 headlights or any other parts for darn cheap. There are hundreds of auto parts manufacturers in China, India, Taiwan and many other countries that you can contact and purchase your inventory. Once you find a few manufacturers that you are interested in e-mail them with some questions. Ask them about minimum order, price per item, shipment terms and delivery time or any other requirements. This information is important as it will allow you to determine the selling price for you item. Check some good name stores to determine a competitive selling price for your auto parts.

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How to Choose a New Construction Home From Home Builder

There are so many new homes for sale and house plans and designs nowadays that it can be tough to choose the best one. To add to the list of confusing choices, there are so many new home builders that it can be hard to know which one will be best for your dream home. If you want to get the best dream house you can possibly have, then you should make these decisions carefully.

When choosing your house plans and designs, you should firstly think about your real estate property. The size of your property will determine what type of design house you should build. It simply will not be convenient to choose a design with a lawn or garden from new houses for sale, if you have limited space in your real estate property. The amount of land will be crucial to the size of your home.

Another thing you should consider is the location of your home. Factors such as temperature should also be considered when choosing design homes. If you live in a humid place, you should build a home with many windows so it is airier. Shade will also be important in sunny places, so your windows should be designed for this task. This will make your house more at ease and it can be a comfortable place to live in. However, for homes which are located in a colder location, insulation will be very important. You want to keep your house warm during cold winters. Thick walls are especially advisable for these homes. สร้างบ้าน

Choosing a home builder will also depend on the design of your home. Consider the specialty of your home builder. Look for a home builder that is easy to work with, and can follow directions very well. It is also important that your home builders have suggestions that you can consider for the betterment of your dream home.

Goodluck with your house hunting!

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Best Free Android Apps to Help With Your Finances

This article focuses on the very best free Android finance apps. What can finance apps do and how will they help? Basically, for a short, all-encompassing answer: all these Android apps concentrate on money and if they are used, they will help you save some cash!

The debate of whether to pay for Android apps will continue forever. That’s a decision that needs to be made by you, the individual, and whether you think the paid version is worth $X.XX to you. Will it give you that amount of enjoyment or will it save you more money than you paid for it? These are good questions to ask yourself before you jump in and pay for an Android app.

Since we’re talking about finance apps that can save you money, it would be pretty ironic if I were pushing paid apps. Sure there are some amazing Android finance apps that cost money (many of which I would heavily endorse- but that’s for another day), but if the goal of downloading them is to save money, there’s no better way than to start off with nothing invested! Here they are: some of the best free Android apps that will help you with your finances!

Quote Pro

Get the latest stock quotes and news while being able to get very detailed information on the stocks you’re interested in (or the ones you own). This helpful free Android app also allows you to create and track your portfolio(s). While this app isn’t going to blow anyone away by the dozens of additional features that you may or may not want, its core functionality works extremely well.

Tip Calculator by TradeFields

This is another Android app that simply isn’t going to go beyond what it’s good at. This works perfectly as a tip calculator for anyone who wants (or needs) one. There are literally 100s of these tip calculator apps available and this one is the best. Why? For me, it has the best UI and is really foolproof. If you can dial a phone number, you can calculate everyone’s share of the 17.5% tip for the $127.56 dinner bill!

PayPal

This is a very useful free Android app for all of the 10s of millions of PayPal users worldwide. With this app, you can do all the same things you normally do on PayPal. But now, by paying for an item as soon as it’s allowable, you can help expedite the shipping process. You never know, this may not impact you at all for dozens of transactions and then the next time, you’ll get that amazing skin cream on Friday instead of having to wait till Monday! Trust me, after you’ve had this app for a while, it’s just nice to have access to PayPal 24/7. visit:-https://liveenettvapk.biz/

Currency Converter

If you’re travelling abroad and want to have some peace of mind about the money conversion, you should download a free currency app. Why download just a random currency app when you can download the best of the best- for free?!? This Android app, developed by Pocketools, can provide you an extremely simple currency calculator in a very basic user interface. However, if you desire more currency information, this app can do that too: you can view currency trends over a 5 year period, graph any currency against any other, convert any currency to another (all currencies of the world are available on this app) or do just about any other thing you can think of if it involves any of the world’s currencies.

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The History of Video Game Consoles – A Blast From the Past

Whenever I start playing a few games on my Xbox 360, I couldn’t help but wonder how it all came to be. My parents always tell me that video games weren’t exactly popular back in the days and that it was considered an idea of the future. With this in mind, I began to recall my early childhood memories when it comes to video games. And since I didn’t have anything good to do today, I decided to do some research about the complete history of video game consoles. To my surprise, I realized that the very first console I had back when I was a kid wasn’t exactly the “first game console”. I had this notion that my old console was the very first produced, so I guess it was indeed worth the time researching about video game consoles.

In any case, let’s start our blast from the past as I take you back from the humble beginnings of our beloved video game consoles.

The idea of playing games in front of the television was considered absurd and a thing of the future. All except for one Ralph Baer who conceived one absurd idea; the ability to interact with your television, which includes playing games on it. This was in 1951 while building television sets for Loral in Bronx, New York. In 1966, he successfully developed a game called “Chase” where two dots chased each other around the screen. He showed the idea to his new boss, R&D owner Herbert Campman, he was given some funding and his project was taken by the company as an official one. A few years later, Ralph Baer successfully made the “Brown Box”, which is considered as the great grandfather of all video game consoles

A few years later, Magnavox decided to invest on video games and made the very first video game console called the Magnavox Oddysey. It was indeed an innovation as it was the first video game that can be connected to a television set. It was also the first when it comes to console peripherals as you can buy a light gun that you can connect to the console when playing shooting games.

In 1975, Atari came up with its own game console along with Pong, a game that would remain a popular concept until now. The console doesn’t have any controllers though; in fact, the console looks like a controller itself, so you could probably say that’s the grandfather of all handheld television games. Then, the Atari 2600 came. Released in 1977, it would become so popular that it was the only console asides from Magnavox to survive the first game console crash of 1977. Both companies continued to make games for their respective game consoles until the second game console crash of 1983. Atari and Magnavox suffered from having too many badly developed games, which explains why Nintendo became a very popular gaming brand in this era. It was in this year where the Nintendo Entertainment System was developed and released.

In Japan, it was called “Famicom” while in North America, it was either called “NES” or just plain “Nintendo”. This was my very first video game console and as far as I can remember, I played tons of games with this console. Super Mario Brothers, Legend of Zelda, Contra, Megaman, and a bunch of other games filled my cabinet instead of Barbie dolls and other girly stuff. Nintendo’s success continued until Sega rose up to challenge their game console with the Sega Mega Drive/Genesis console. Released pubg pc download in Japan in 1988, the Sega console gained popularity with the titular video game character and Sega mascot Sonic the Hedgehog. In fact, the only reason why I begged my parents to get me a Sega Mega Drive was because I wanted to play Sonic the Hedgehog!

Nintendo sensed that Sega was indeed getting popular, so two years after the release of the Sega Mega Drive, Nintendo released the Super Nintendo Enterntainment System or SNES. The SNES was also popular amongst kids at that time. In fact, most of my friends get confused as to what console they’d want to buy for Christmas!

Then in 1995, the era of 16 bit and 32 bit games were now overshadowed by the Sony Playstation. The video game console sported better graphics, better hardware and software support, a new set of handy controllers and the Memory Card, a device that lets gamers store their saved games. It was revolutionary indeed, since it no longer uses cartridges, but disc drives instead. Sega and Nintendo both answered with the Sega Saturn and the Nintendo 64, but when it comes to the Fifth generation of video game consoles, the Sony Playstation is the king.

Years passed and by 1999, the PC’s were now engineered towards gaming as well. Sega released the Sega Dreamcast in 1999, but was poorly received and finally discontinued in 2001 because they tried implementing a type of disc drive called the GD-Rom. It was a move to prevent software piracy, but instead it led to poor sales. Nintendo Gamecube suffered the same fate when it released the Gamecube; the console only plays 8 mm disc drives and was discontinued in 2007. Sony, on the other hand, experienced a huge success with the Playstation 2 while Microsoft released the Xbox in 2001.

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What Is a Game?

We probably all have a pretty good intuitive notion of what a game is. The general term “game” encompasses board games like chess and Monopoly, card games like poker and blackjack, casino games like roulette and slot machines, military war games, computer games, various kinds of play among children, and the list goes on. In academia we sometimes speak of game theory, in which multiple agents select strategies and tactics in order to maximize their gains within the framework of a well-defined set of game rules. When used in the context of console or computer-based entertainment, the word “game” usually conjures images of a three-dimensional virtual world featuring a humanoid, animal or vehicle as the main character under player control. (Or for the old geezers among us, perhaps it brings to mind images of two-dimensional classics like Pong, Pac-Man, or Donkey Kong.) In his excellent book, A Theory of Fun for Game Design, Raph Koster defines a game to be an interactive experience that provides the player with an increasingly challenging sequence of patterns which he or she learns and eventually masters. Koster’s asser-tion is that the activities of learning and mastering are at the heart of what we call “fun,” just as a joke becomes funny at the moment we “get it” by recognizing the pattern.

Video Games as Soft Real-Time Simulations

Most two- and three-dimensional video games are examples of what computer scientists would call soft real-time interactive agent-based computer simulations. Let’s break this phrase down in order to better understand what it means. In most video games, some subset of the real world -or an imaginary world- is modeled mathematically so that it can be manipulated by a computer. The model is an approximation to and a simplification of reality (even if it’s an imaginary reality), because it is clearly impractical to include every detail down to the level of atoms or quarks. Hence, the mathematical model is a simulation of the real or imagined game world. Approximation and simplification are two of the game developer’s most powerful tools. When used skillfully, even a greatly simplified model can sometimes be almost indistinguishable from reality and a lot more fun.

An agent-based simulation is one in which a number of distinct entities known as “agents” interact. This fits the description of most three-dimensional computer games very well, where the agents are vehicles, characters, fireballs, power dots and so on. Given the agent-based nature of most games, it should come as no surprise that most games nowadays are implemented in an object-oriented, or at least loosely object-based, programming language.

All interactive video games are temporal simulations, meaning that the vir- tual game world model is dynamic-the state of the game world changes over time as the game’s pubg pc download events and story unfold. A video game must also respond to unpredictable inputs from its human player(s)-thus interactive temporal simulations. Finally, most video games present their stories and respond to player input in real time, making them interactive real-time simulations.

One notable exception is in the category of turn-based games like computerized chess or non-real-time strategy games. But even these types of games usually provide the user with some form of real-time graphical user interface.

What Is a Game Engine?

The term “game engine” arose in the mid-1990s in reference to first-person shooter (FPS) games like the insanely popular Doom by id Software. Doom was architected with a reasonably well-defined separation between its core software components (such as the three-dimensional graphics rendering system, the collision detection system or the audio system) and the art assets, game worlds and rules of play that comprised the player’s gaming experience. The value of this separation became evident as developers began licensing games and retooling them into new products by creating new art, world layouts, weapons, characters, vehicles and game rules with only minimal changes to the “engine” software. This marked the birth of the “mod community”-a group of individual gamers and small independent studios that built new games by modifying existing games, using free toolkits pro- vided by the original developers. Towards the end of the 1990s, some games like Quake III Arena and Unreal were designed with reuse and “modding” in mind. Engines were made highly customizable via scripting languages like id’s Quake C, and engine licensing began to be a viable secondary revenue stream for the developers who created them. Today, game developers can license a game engine and reuse significant portions of its key software components in order to build games. While this practice still involves considerable investment in custom software engineering, it can be much more economical than developing all of the core engine components in-house. The line between a game and its engine is often blurry.

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An Overview of Software Patenting

INTRODUCTION

The concept of “intellectual property” in India over the last few years has taken on some epic proportions for a number of reasons. One of the primary reasons, attributable to the growing awareness among the urban Indian population, is of the significance and, more importantly, the commercial benefits in protecting its intellectual property rights both within and outside India. And under traditional principles of intellectual property protection, patent law is to encourage scientific research, new technology and industrial progress. The fundamental principle of patent law is that the patent is granted only for an invention i.e. new and useful the said invention must have novelty and utility. The grant of patent thus becomes of industrial property and also called an intellectual property. And the computer software is a relatively new recipient of patent protection.

The term “Patent” has shareit for pc its origin from the term “Letter Patent”. This expression ‘Letter Patent’ meant open letter and were instruments under the Great Seal of King of England addressed by the Crown to all the subjects at large in which the Crown conferred certain rights and privileges on one or more individuals in the kingdom. It was in the later part of the 19th century new inventions in the field of art, process, method or manner of manufacture, machinery and other substances produced by manufacturers were on increased and the inventors became very much interested that the inventions done by them should not be infringed by any one else by copying them or by adopting the methods used by them. To save the interests of inventors, the then British rulers enacted the Indian Patents and Design Act, 1911.

With respect to patentability of software -related inventions, it is currently one of the most heated areas of debate. Software has become patentable in recent years in most jurisdictions (although with restrictions in certain countries, notably those signatories of the European Patent Convention or EPC) and the number of software patents has risen rapidly.

MEANING OF SOFTWARE PATENTING

The term “software” does not have a precise definition and even the software industries fails to give an specific definition. But it is basically used to describe all of the different types of computer programs. Computer programs are basically divided into “application programs” and “operating system programs”. Application programs are designed to do specific tasks to be executed through the computer and the operating system programs are used to manage the internal functions of the computer to facilitate use of application program.

Though the term ‘Software patent’ does not have a universally accepted definition. One definition suggested by the Foundation for a Free Information Infrastructure is that a software patent is a “patent on any performance of a computer realized by means of a computer program”.

According to Richard Stallman, the co-developer of the GNU-Linux operating system and proponent of Free Software says, “Software patents are patents which cover software ideas, ideas which you would use in developing software.

That is Software patents refer to patents that could be granted on products or processes (including methods) which include or may include software as a significant or at least necessary part of their implementation, i.e. the form in which they are put in practice (or used) to produce the effect they intend to provide.

Early example of a software patent:

On 21st Sep 1962, a British patent application entitled “A Computer Arranged for the Automatic Solution of Linear Programming Problems” was filed. The invention was concerned with efficient memory management for the simplex algorithm, and may be implemented by purely software means. The patent was granted on August 17, 1966 and seems to be one of the first software patents.

CONCEPTUAL DIFFERENCE BETWEEN COPYRIGHT AND PATENT

Software has traditionally been protected under copyright law since code fits quite easily into the description of a literary work. Thus, Software is protected as works of literature under the Berne Convention, and any software written is automatically covered by copyright. This allows the creator to prevent another entity from copying the program and there is generally no need to register code in order for it to be copyrighted. While Software Patenting has recently emerged (if only in the US, Japan and Europe) where, Patents give their owners the right to prevent others from using a claimed invention, even if it was independently developed and there was no copying involved.

Further, it should be noted that patents cover the underlying methodologies embodied in a given piece of software. On the other copyright prevents the direct copying of software, but do not prevent other authors from writing their own embodiments of the underlying methodologies.
The issues involved in conferring patent rights to software are, however, a lot more complex than taking out copyrights on them. Specifically, there are two challenges that one encounters when dealing with software patents. The first is about the instrument of patent itself and whether the manner of protection it confers is suited to the software industry. The second is the nature of software, and whether it should be subject to patenting

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Never Changing Casinos Will Eventually Destroy You

You might be surprised…

Indian Casinos all around the country are shattering the notion that Indian Casinos are a less than par alternative when compared to their Las Vegas counterparts.

However, just like in Sin City itself, the quality of Indian Casinos varies dramatically.

With literally hundreds of Indian Casinos spread out across the United States, to give you an idea of the level of quality gaming emerging on reservations countrywide, let’s focus in on a few of the top Indian Casinos leading the way.

A good place to start is from an area often considered the Indian Casino capital of California and the location of an extremely competitive Indian Casino market, San Diego, California.

Here’s a quick snapshot of 6 Top Indian Casinos in San Diego:

1) Barona Valley Ranch Resort and Casino
Barona offers visitors Vegas style gaming action, combined with unique dining experiences, a luxurious hotel, and world-class golf. This spectacular highly acclaimed ranch-themed resort and casino has earned various awards for its casino and games, as well as for its restaurants and golf club.

2) Viejas Casino

Viejas is a well-established and popular Indian casino. Beyond its top notch gaming, Viejas Entertainment puts on high caliber concerts and the Viejas Outlet shopping center is known for it’s upscale outlet shopping. The casino also caters to the trend setting crowd with their new V Lounge bar.

3) Harrah’s Rincon Casino

Harrah’s Rincon Casino follows in the footsteps of the Harrah’s gaming brand. A new 21-story hotel tower adds to the resort feel and recently was voted as having the Best Rooms, Best Suites, Best Hotel Service and more in 2005 by Casino Player magazine. Amenities include a luxurious spa and a state-of-the-art fitness center. Harrah’s Rincon routinely attracts famous acts to it’s entertainment complex.

4) Pala Casino

Pala Casino offers award winning gaming, has eight restaurants, a 10,000 square foot day spa, a four-diamond resort with 507 deluxe hotel rooms, including 82 suites, four entertainment venues and an Olympic size pool with 12 cabanas. Pala routinely attracts big name entertainment concerts as well. 우리카지노

5) Pechanga Resort and Casino

As one of the country’s newest resort destinations, Pechanga Resort & Casino, an AAA four-diamond property, offers the best of hotel luxury, Vegas style gaming, entertainment, meeting facilities and seven fine dining choices. A-list performers scheduled regularly in the 1,200- seat Pechanga Theater

6) Sycuan Resort and Casino

In addition to great gaming, dining and entertainment, Sycuan Resort offers 54 holes of Southern California’s best golf, championship tennis courts, great overnight accommodations and a relaxing atmosphere to enjoy cocktails and fine dining. The Showcase Theatre features great shows and concerts.